Needs food for breastfeeding mothers, according to nutrition experts, at least divided into three main periods. The first significant period after the birth until the baby is 6 months old, the second period when infants aged 6 to 12 months. And the third period when the child is aged 12 to 24 months. These periods are significant moments in the growth and development of children.
Before the birth, mothers are advised to increase intake of nutrients more than ever. It is important to prepare for breastfeeding mothers as well as maintaining stamina during the birth. According to nutrition experts, the amount of energy needed by a mother to breastfeed the baby in the first 6 months require an additional approximately 700 kcal.
However, an additional amount of energy need not be filled with mothers to feed consumption doubled the number than usual. Numerous studies have found that naturally, during pregnancy, the body has made a considerable energy reserves, which reached 200 to 300 kcal. So that the energy shortage of 300 to 500 kcal others must be met through maternal diet.
Likewise for other nutritional needs will indeed be greater in the first period of 6 months. As the protein needs in the first six months of not less than 16 grams per day. While the need for iron at 5 mg / day and calcium needs as much as 400 grams. After the baby is 6 months of age, maternal consumption of food menu can be slightly reduced
To meet the nutritional needs during lactation may actually be overcome by the menu balanced nutrition. Even consumption patterns with this menu can solve a number of problems found in infants, the nutritional anemia (iron deficiency), severe iodine deficiency, vitamin A deficiency, and protein-calorie deficiency.
Menu balanced nutrition needed nursing mothers is actually quite easy to make. Green vegetables, like spinach, kale, broccoli, leaf katuk, papaya leaves contain many nutrients are required of children. Likewise for colored fruits such as carrots, tomatoes, oranges, bananas, and papaya are also very good for nursing mothers.
Meanwhile, to meet the additional energy consumption is quite good and cheap are the elements of animal and vegetable, such as chicken eggs, tempeh and tofu, beans, chicken, and milk. Consumption of pure cow's milk is recommended for nursing mothers to avoid milk formulas that are less good because many contain preservatives and additives of chemicals.
In addition to a varied menu of food consumption in turn and balanced to meet nutritional needs during lactation, which is not less important is the psychological condition and the sincerity of the mother while nursing. Numerous studies have also found a significant association between mother's peace of mind in influencing production and milk quality. It would also be taken to ensure that nutritional intake for the baby we can optimally.